In the city:
An overly casual appearance is not appropriate in the elegant hotels. During the day we recommend light suits or a nice dress, but also a neat "safari look" with long trousers. In the evening you should dress classically or sporty depending on the occasion. The weather conditions in Nairobi and Nakuru are moderate, while Mombasa and Kisumu have a hot and humid tropical climate.
Safari trains, but also other hard-wearing clothing, a hat with as wide a brim as possible, shirts with breast pockets, cotton underwear. In the high mountains, wool sweaters, anoraks, long raincoats and mountain boots are the right clothing. Temperatures can drop to -10 °C at night, depending on the altitude.
On the coast:
You should be considerate of your clothes when dealing with the mostly Islamic population on the coast. As a man you should not walk around in the villages with short trousers and bare upper body and as a woman with too short skirt, too tight and too wide cut out blouse. Light, airy cotton clothes are pleasant to wear, unlike synthetic garments. All in all, you should pack easily washable and non-iron outerwear (viscose). In the hotels and lodges you can have your clothes and laundry washed and ironed for a fee. Do not take too much clothing with you.
Medical care in Kenya is good compared to other African countries. There are about 8,000 doctors, 90% of whom practice in the larger cities. The consultation hours of the doctors are between 8 and 18 o'clock on weekdays. A doctor can be reached in every larger hotel. If you are seriously ill, you should go to a hospital.
In Nairobi there are two hospitals with international standards:
- Aga Khan Hospital Mombasa, Vanga Road (Ecke Nyerere Avenue), Kizingo, Mombasa, Tel. 041-222 7710-5.
Larger cities have pharmacies which can be found under the name "chemistry" and which certainly have European standards.
When bathing in the sea or in swimming pools with chlorinated water there is in principle no danger. But at the sea you should wear bathing shoes, there are spiny sea urchins. You should refrain from swimming in inland waters. There is a risk of schistosomiasis.
In the case of diarrhoeal diseases, it is always important to ensure an adequate supply of fluids and electrolytes. Packaged glucose-electrolyte mixtures are commercially available and belong in every first-aid kit. As a preventive measure, you should not consume contaminated water or spoiled food. Raw and not fully fried meat, unpeeled fruit, salads, salad dressings with mayonnaise and raw vegetables can lead to intestinal diseases.
Even small wounds should be carefully disinfected and protected from contamination.
One million children die every year in tropical Africa alone. In Kenya, about 60% of hospital patients suffer from malaria. Malaria tropica" is fatal in 10-20% of all cases if not treated. The malaria risk exists all year round throughout the country. An increase in malaria transmission is also observed in the highlands, especially in the border area with Uganda. There is a low risk of infection in the urban area of Nairobi. Areas above 2,500 metres above sea level are considered malaria-free. There is an increased risk of transmittal during and directly after the rainy seasons. In the holiday areas on the Indian Ocean (e.g. Mombasa, Malindi), Lake Victoria and the lowland rivers (e.g. Tana River), malaria transmission must be expected throughout the year.
Protection against mosquito bites is the most important preventive measure against malaria! It is advisable to sleep under a mosquito net at night and to cover naked body parts with preferably light khaki clothing and to wear mosquito headgear in endangered areas during the day. Mosquito spray, mosquito ointment or ignited smoke spirals can keep malaria mosquitoes away from you. Perethrin is a pyrethrum-based insecticide used to impregnate the mosquito net. In addition, a drug-based malaria prophylaxis should be taken. It is best to consult your health authority or a tropical institute about the currently most effective remedy for the target region, the dosage or a combination of different medications.
It is transmitted by the bite of the tsetse fly, which occurs in particularly high wildlife areas. The risk of infection is relatively low for travellers.
Snakes and scorpions:
The risk of being bitten by a snake or stung by a scorpion is extremely low. You should move slowly and carefully in confusing terrain, but then poisonous snakes will also get to safety from you. Snakes only bump into each other in fear and self-defence if their escape distance is undercut. Preventive measures: It is advisable to wear high-necked shoes in the bush. If you are staying overnight in a tent, you should check your shoes in the morning before putting them on.
Sunburn and heat stroke:
At the beginning of the journey you should not expose yourself to direct sunlight for too long. Beware of the tropical sun, especially on the beach and in the high mountains. Try to stay in the shade in the midday heat. Drink a lot, cover your head and protect your bare skin with sunscreens with a high sun protection factor and clothing.
A yellow fever vaccination is required for all those entering from the age of one year. If you are entering from a non-yellow fever area (e.g. Europe), vaccination is not mandatory, but recommended. Vaccination or refreshment is also recommended for tetanus, diphtheria, polio, hepatitis A and B and typhoid fever.
In all places, including Nairobi, Mombasa and the lodges, for health reasons, you should not enjoy the water unboiled or without taking Micropur tablets or brush your teeth with it.
Since the beginning of 2017, more cholera cases have been observed in Kenya. The first cholera outbreak reported in 2017 was in the Tana River district. The cholera outbreak affects both the general population and refugee camps.
Unprotected sexual contact is generally associated with the risk of contracting serious infections, including HIV infection.
Gluten-free restaurants in Diani Beach:
- Sails Beach Bar & Restaurant
- Nomad Restaurant
- Leonardo's Restaurant
- Ali Barbour's Cave Restaurant
- Lymington's Bistro
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